Common STDs and their Symptoms
STDs or sexually transmitted diseases are infectious diseases, which spread from one person to another through sexual contact.
STDs or STIs (sexually transmitted infections) can affect boys and girls of all age groups if they are having sex. The things which increase your chances of getting a sexually transmitted infection are starting having sex at a young age, having more than one sexual partner and having unprotected sex without using latex condoms. You should use condom each time you are having sexual intercourse or a dental dam in case a girl is getting involved in oral sex.
Some of the STDs are Chlamydia, gonorrhoea, genital herpes, HIV and AIDS, Trichomoniasis and syphilis.
It is an infection of the genitals caused by bacteria. It may often go undetected as infection in the early stage may cause no or few symptoms. If symptoms occur, they start 1-3 weeks after getting exposed to the bacteria. Symptoms and signs of Chlamydia are:
- Pain during urination
- Pain in lower abdomen
- Discharge from vagina in females
- Discharge from penis in males
- Pain during vaginal intercourse in females
- Bleeding between menses
- Pain in testes in males
It is also an infection of the genitals caused by bacteria. It may also infect your mouth, eyes, anus and throat. Symptoms usually appear 10 days post exposure. Symptoms and signs of gonorrhoea are:
- Thick, bloody or cloudy discharge from vagina or penis
- Burning or pain while urinating
- Heavy bleeding during menses or bleeding between menses
- Pain and swelling of testes
- Pain while passing stools
- Itching at the anus
It is a STD that is caused by a single celled parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. When symptoms occur, they start 5-28 days after getting exposed to the parasite. The infection may range from a mild irritation of the genitals to a severe inflammation. Symptoms and signs of Trichomoniasis are:
- Clear, white, yellowish or greenish discharge from vagina
- Discharge from penis
- Strong odour from vagina
- Irritation or itching in vagina
- Irritation or itching inside penis
- Painful sexual intercourse in females
- Pain while urination
It is a viral infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV reduces the ability of your body to fight with disease causing organisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi and results in AIDS which is a chronic and life threatening illness.
Early symptoms and signs of HIV
Early symptoms develop 2-6 weeks after getting infected and include:
- Sore throat
- Swelling of lymph glands
Late Stage symptoms of HIV
- Unexplained and persistent fatigue
- Night sweats
- Fever greater than 100.4 degree and shaking chills
- Swollen lymph glands for greater than 3 months
- Chronic loose stools
- Persistent and chronic headaches
- Frequent infections
It is caused by bacteria and affects genitals, mucous membranes and skin. The symptoms and signs of syphilis appear in 4 stages.
The first symptom of syphilis may present 10 days to 3 months after getting infected. It is a painless, small sore referred to as chancre that appears on the genitals, lips, tongue or rectum. The sore may heal without any treatment but the disease remains in the body and may reoccur in secondary or tertiary stages.
Symptoms may appear 3-6 weeks after the occurrence of chancre and include:
- Enlargement of lymph nodes
- Aching and soreness
In certain individuals, a stage referred to as latent syphilis is present in which there are no symptoms present.
If it is not treated, syphilis may spread to internal organs leading to organ damage and eventually death several years’ post initial infection. Symptoms of tertiary syphilis are:
- Loss of coordination